Latent Emissions, Chakaia Booker
Breaking the Mold Nineteenth-Century French Art
Figures on Rocks at the Edge of the Sea, or The Coast at Etretat, 1867 Jehan-Georges Vibert (French, 1840–1902) oil on canvas Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Noah L. Butkin 2009.045.110
Breaking the Mold celebrates two generous donors, Noah L. and Muriel S. Butkin, whose gifts established the Snite Museum’s collecting strength in nineteenth-century French academic art. Their philanthropic support extended to the Cleveland Museum of Art and Case Western Reserve University in addition to the University of Notre Dame.
At a time when other collectors were acquiring Impressionist and Post-Impressionist works, the Butkins purchased realist art. Alongside well-known artists, such as Jean-Léon Gérôme and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, they bought compelling works by lesser-known artists such as Léon-Augustin Lhermitte, Jules Breton, Alphonse Legros, Henri Gervex, and Théodule Ribot.
Breaking the Mold was edited by Gabriel P. Weisberg, professor of Art History, University of Minnesota. Additional authors include Kirsten Appleyard MA ’11, Heather Lemonedes, Sarah Sik ,and Janet Whitmore, with research assistance provided by Yvonne Weisberg.
The Breaking the Mold exhibition catalog was made possible by generous gifts from Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Lee ’59 and Mr. Ralph M. Hass ’39.